Domain Status codes have many uses. They can be applied to find why your domain isn’t working and whether it is locked to prevent unauthorized domain transfers.Domain Status codes are also used to suggest the possibility of a domain being dropped. Domain status codes vary by the type of protocol used by the official registry. There are two common registry protocols:
* Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP)* Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP)
Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP) : It’s a protocol for the registration and management of second level domain names and associated name servers in top level domains and country code top level domains. There are eight different domain status codes or values in the Registry Registrar Protocol (RRP).The two largest registries (.COM and .NET) and some country code Top Level Domains (TLDs) use these domain status codes.The status codes are
ACTIVE: The domain can be modified by the registrar. The domain can be renewed. The domain will be included in the zone if the domain has been delegated to at least one name server. The domain name with active status code will not be available for new registration.When a domain is in active status code, it means that the domain name can be transferred from one registrar to another only after completing at least 60 days with your current registrar.
REGISTRY-LOCK: The domain can not be modified or deleted by the registrar. This means that the registry-lock gives added security to the domain names.The registry must remove the REGISTRY-LOCK status for the registrar to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain will be included in the zone if the domain has been delegated to at least one name server. Registry lock is a situation that is not very common, but may be imposed when there are domain name disputes or during Redemption period.
REGISTRAR-LOCK: The sponsoring registrar sets this status. The domain can not be modified or deleted. The registrar must remove REGISTRAR-LOCK status to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain will be included in the zone. The registrar sets this status to avoid the unwanted changes affecting the domain. Renewal of domain name is possible even if the domain is in registrar lock status.
REGISTRY-HOLD: The domain is said to be in registry hold if it is not available for use. The domain can not be modified or deleted by the registrar. The registry must remove the REGISTRY-HOLD status for the registrar to modify the domain. The domain can be renewed. The domain will not be included in the zone. Normally the domain name after the expiration of registration goes to this status and during this hold registrant can renew the domain by paying the renewal fees otherwise deleted domain will be kept in a redemption period.
REGISTRAR-HOLD: THe sponsoring registrar sets this status. It is a status code for expiring domains. The domain can not be modified or deleted it can only be renewed during this period. This hold is put by the registrar when it fails to contact the registrant at the time when renewal is due or if he fails to implement his renewal or if registrars are not paid during the current period. The domain name is kept in this status for 40 days normally and may vary according to the registrars.
REDEMPTIONPERIOD: The redemption period is the period where a deleted domain may be renewed by the registrant by paying an additional fee. The period refers to 30 days from the date of deletion. A domain name gets deleted within a period of 45 days after the expiry date and if it is not renewed. These domain names that comes under the redemption period are put on a hold by the registrar. During this status the websites and email will stop working for an available period of 30 days. The redemption period is actually the last chance of the registrant to recover the domain name. After the limited time the domain name will be deleted and if the registrar does not request the name to be in registration grace period, then it enters the redemption hold period during which it will be available for re-registration. During this period the domain status may be displayed as “Redemption Period” or “Pending Delete-Restorable” .
PENDING-DELETE: Pending Delete is a status set by the WHO IS server for a domain name that has not been renewed. In the pending delete restorable state it is possible to recover the domain name by the registrant within the 30 days . The domain can be renewed only by the person listed in the whois record. If he does not pay the renewal fee then the registrar will drop the domain and will be in the pending delete status for exactly 5 days. During this period domain can not recovered,modified or deleted. The domain name will be removed from the Domain Name Server during this phase.
PENDINGRESTORE: The registry sets this status after a registrar requests restoration of a domain that is in REDEMPTIONPERIOD status. The domain will be included in the zone. Registrar requests to modify or otherwise update the domain will be rejected. The domain will be held in this status while the registry waits for the registrar to provide required restoration documentation. If the registrar fails to provide documentation to the registry within 7 calendar days to confirm the restoration request, the domain will revert to REDEMPTIONPERIOD status. The domain status will be set to ACTIVE only if the registrar provides documentation to the registry within 7 calendar days to confirm the restoration request.
Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP): The Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP) is a flexible protocol designed for allocating objects within registries over the Internet. The .ORG, .BIZ, .INFO and .NAME registries use EPP (Extensible Provisioning Protocol) multiple domain status values unique to each registry . The EPP codes are different from the RRP codes and are easy to interpret. Domains in EPP Registries have a normal operating status of “OK” or “Active.” Other additional domain status codes describe pending operations and restrictions regarding the domain. In EPP, the word CLIENT typically refers to registrar in the RRP system (e.g. CLIENT LOCK is REGISTRAR-LOCK) while the absence of CLIENT or the use of the word SERVER usually refers to Registry (e.g. LOCKED or SERVER LOCK is REGISTRY-LOCK). It is important to note that sometimes (in the case of locks) several EPP status values combine to make a single RRP status.
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